Organisation Description Year
Law Centres Federation

Fundamental Legal Aid Review

there is a shortage of social welfare lawyers (page 4).

2004
Journal of legal education

Legal Education and Training in England and Wales: Back to the Future?

covers bar report, highlighting bar concerns over lack of career prospects for would-be BME barristers (page 99).

2008
Department for Constitutional Affairs

A market analysis of legal aided services provided by barristers

In relation to legal aid, 37% of solicitors surveys said they had been unable to secure the services of a barrister with appropriate expertise and experience on at least one occasion in the past year (page 6). However, as a percentage of total legal aid cases, this was quite small (page 7). Overall, little evidence of over-supply by barristers for this type of work (page 9). Shortages mainly occurred in family law matters (page 54). Mainly shortages of barristers at senior-junior level (page 56).

2004
Europe Economics

Report for Bar Council – A critique of the evidence used by the LSC for its BVT proposals

LSC tender process indicated that around 20 per cent of duty solicitor schemes had vacant slots for work (page 23). Report there ISNT insufficient suppliers (overall) – but maybe there is at local level (page 23).

2009
BMG Research / Skills for Justice

Skills in the justice sector: a survey of third sector employers 2009

One in five of organisations surveyed had vacancies for paid staff (page 3). 42% reported vacancies for volunteers (page 3). More on recruitment, especially recruitment shortfalls (page 38 – 45).

2009
Intellectual Property Regulation Board

Percentages of trade marks and patents applied for by unrepresented applicants

Provides table of figures for unrepresented trade mark applicants dating from 2000 to 2010

2010
Citizens Advice

Geography of advice: An overview of the challenges facing the Community Legal Service

Regional summary of gaps in service provision by specific CAB office (page 28 onwards)

2010
Department for Constitutional Affairs

The independent review of the Community Legal Service

Report suggests coverage gaps for CLS work across the country – perhaps because of firms withdrawing from contracts (page 38). Various ideas how to address coverage issues (page 45).

2004
The Law Society

What will be the impact of ABS on geographic access to justice? Phase 1 Final report July 2010 Prepared for the Law Society by Oxera

Research report looking at the potential impact of ABS on geographical access -
Interviews with 15 stakeholders (existing providers and potential new entrants).
In attempting to identify areas that might be ‘thinly served’ report compares number of solicitors offices with other service outlets – bank branches, post offices, pharmacies, and GP practices. Research also looked at survey evidence including the MoJ Baseline survey and the CSJS, finding no evidence to support a hypothesis that rural areas are less well served than urban areas.
The research conducted an analysis of two specific areas finding that a small minority of consumers in these areas who were outside a five mile radius of solicitors offices, ABS impacts on more specialist areas might be more significant. Pages 16-19

2010
Ministry of Justice

The market for “BTE” legal expenses insurance

Summarises what kinds of legal issues are covered by various kinds of BTE insurance (page 17).

2007
Department for Constitutional Affairs

Second survey of solicitors on their use of barristers Frontier Economics

Survey summarises situations where solicitor had found it difficult to locate a barrister (page 5).

2005
The Law Society

What will be the impact of ABS on geographic access to justice? Phase 1 Final report July 2010 Prepared for the Law Society by Oxera

Research report looking at the potential impact of ABS on geographical access -
Interviews with 15 stakeholders (existing providers and potential new entrants), found that:
“Face to face contact with a legal adviser is most valuable for cases involving highly distressed consumers (typically in family law), consumers with communication problems (e.g. where a client has poor English), consumers with some degree of mental impairment (e.g. certain elderly clients), consumers who lack IT literacy (frequently preference was made to elderly clients), the consumer attending court.” Page 20
Face to face contact with a legal adviser was described as not necessary for PI, will writing, conveyancing, and simple legal issues.
“The overall picture is that face to face contact is relevant to access to justice where a case is complex, particularly distressing, or involves a vulnerable consumer”. Page 20

2010
Legal Services Research Centre

Diverse forms of legal aid delivery in South Africa

South African Legal aid system offers telephone advice for remote clients (page 17).

2010
Ministry of Justice

Study of legal advice at local level

Summary of client usage of telephone / online advice for various NFP organisations (page 29).

2009
A4e/Howells

Solutions to legal provisions emerging from outside of legal service

Company provides telephone-based community legal advice – 70,000 customers (page 4)

2010
Legal Services Research Centre

Legal advice sector workforce: Analysis of survey findings – Marisol Smith and Tania Tam

Delivery of advice by medium (page 42 onwards)

2006
American Bar Association

eLawyering for a Competitive Advantage

Elawyering firms (those offering services via the web) need to consider the use of client extranets, and web enabled document automotation. Page 9
Combining digital applications with traditional human service is a way to increase small law firm profit margins, without increasing the amount of time that the attorney spends on each transaction. For many attorneys, liberation from billing on a time basis, together with the capacity to practice law anytime
and in any place, is a dream come true. Page 13

2008
Legal Services Research Centre

Findings from the Legal Advice Sector Workforce Surveys

In state funded legal advice – methods of advice delivery in graph, broken down by type of organisation (page 21).

2007
American Bar Association

Suggested Minimum Requirements for Law Firms Delivering Legal Services Online

Interesting points about minimum standards that could be required for internet services

2009
Solicitors Journal

Citizen power

Of the

2010
The Law Society

Trends in the solicitors

Possible proxy measure – what has happened to the ratio of offices to firms over the past 5-10 years? Decrease from 1.38 to 1.28 office to firm ratio between 2004-2009 but this could be a function of changes in firm sizes – page 22

2009
Department for Business Innovation & Skills

Zero

Reports on the need for taking advantage of new technology for divert clients from the most labour-intensive and expensive-to-provide service of face-to-face counselling so that this service can be reserved for those who really need it, especially socially deprived people. The diverted clients would be expected to help themselves to a significant extent, rather than have full advice provided tailor-made to their circumstances Page 18

Recommends making Advisernet available to the public – page 19

2006
Legal Advice Sector Partnership Steering Group

Advice forward: developing skills for the future

Breakdown of methods of service delivery (face to face, phone etc) by type of legal advice entity provider (page 12).

2006
Legal Services Research Centre

Routine Diversity Monitoring of the Supplier Base

Survey results for 43% of legal aid solicitors firms and NfP organisations.
Ethnicity of fee earners and non fee earners broken down into crime and civil -solicitors page 12 – NfPs paid employees and volunteers page 14 and by Quality Mark Level page 15

2009
The Law Society

Trends in the solicitors

Breakdown of staff by grade and size of firm – including gearing – pages 27-28

2006
The Law Society

Trends in the solicitors

Breakdown of staff by grade and size of firm – including gearing – pages 27-28

2005
The Law Society

Trends in the solicitors

Breakdown of staff by grade and size of firm – including gearing – pages 27-28

2004
The Law Society

Trends in the solicitors

Breakdown of staff by grade and size of firm – including gearing – pages 27-28

2003
The Law Society

Trends in the solicitors

Breakdown of staff by grade and size of firm – including gearing – pages 33-35

2001
The Law Society

Trends in the solicitors

Breakdown of staff by grade and size of firm – including gearing – pages 25-26

2009
Fordham Law Review

Supply Chains & Porous Boundaries: The Disaggregation of Legal Services, Milton C Regan Jr & Palmer T Heenan

Division of work on a case – p 2148

2010
The Law Society

Trends in the solicitors

Breakdown of staff by grade and size of firm – including gearing – pages 25-26

2008
Legal Services Commission

Quality assurance for advocates: Summary report of the QAA Equality and Diversity data survey and focus groups

Female barristers are more likely than male barristers to do legal aid work, while BME barristers are more likely to do crime work than their white counterparts (page ii). Further discussion on the type of legal work undertaken by advocates with certain demographics (page 2). More details on page 5.

2009
The Law Society

Trends in the solicitors

Breakdown of staff by grade and size of firm – including gearing – pages 25-26

2007
The Law Society

More civil justice? The impact of the Woolf reforms on pre-action behaviour

For bulk work, some firms make extensive use of unqualified paralegals (page 50). Not clear whether this trend is Woolf-led or market led (page 51).

2002
The Law Society

Trends in the solicitors

Breakdown of staff by grade and size of firm – including gearing – pages 26-27

2002
John Flood

Globalization and Large Law Firms

History of global law firms including the tournament for partnership.

2007
Legal Services Research Centre

Legal advice sector workforce: Analysis of survey findings – Marisol Smith and Tania Tam

Report summarises job titles of survey respondent for law firms (page 38) and then the NFP sector (page 39 onwards).

2006
Legal Services Research Centre

Criminal Case Profiling Study: Final report 2001Pascoe Pleasance Hannah Quirk

Reporting on criminal law firms:
All of the sample firms provided 24-hour own solicitor cover and most had at least one member of staff on at least one duty solicitor rota or panel. Some firms, particularly the London ones where the schemes were geographically closer, were on several. Some firms used agents at times when fee-earners did not want to do out of hours work, were engaged at court, or where the police station was some distance away. All of the firms who used agents or non-solicitor fee earners reported that they were accredited police station representatives. Several firms employed agencies staffed by ex-police officers, or employed ex-police officers directly as legal executives
Page 45

2001
International Journal of the LegalProfession

Legal executives and the phantom of legal professionalism: the rise and rise of the third branch of the legal profession?Andrew M Francis

Research into Legal Executives in 2002 based on interviews with ILEX and Law Society representatives:
Reports on the solicitors seniority over legal executives,
“however, within a law firm individual legal executives may be more highly valued than individual solicitors. However, where this success is achieved, it is typically on the basis of the individual

2002
The Law Society

What will be the impact of ABS on geographic access to justice? Phase 1 Final report July 2010 Prepared for the Law Society by Oxera

Research report looking at the potential impact of ABS on geographical access -
Interviews with 15 stakeholders (existing providers and potential new entrants).
States that some interviewees said that “it was possible to deliver telephones based legal advice using a ratio of solicitors to paralegals/legal executives in the order of 1:8, 1:12 or even higher”. Highlights UK Commission for Employment and Skills (UKCES) listing legal associate professionals as the third fastest-growing occupation in the UK between 2001 and 2009 expanding by around 33%. Page 12.

2010
International Financial Services London

Legal Services – City Business Series

%age of lawyers in largest law firms based in London – Page 4

2005
BMG Research / Skills for Justice

Skills in the justice sector: a survey of third sector employers 2009

Summary of workforce roles within survey group organisations (page 29). More on workforce roles (page 37).

2009
International Financial Services London

Legal Services 2009

Breakdown of recorded employment in legal services in the UK – Page 10]

2009
The Law Society

Trends in the solicitors

Breakdown of staff by grade and size of firm – including gearing – pages 33-35

2000
The Law Society

Corporate counsel

Survey of corporate counsel in England & Wales looking at numbers, types of organisation worked for, sectors, size of departments and roles.

2008
International Financial Services London

Legal Services 2009 Data

Breakdown of recorded employment in legal services in the UK – Table 11, Table 12, Chart 10

2009
Legal Advice Sector Partnership Steering Group

Advice forward: developing skills for the future

Breakdown of workforce roles in PfP, private practice and governmental advice providers (page 10).

2006
Otterburn Legal Consulting

Financial and management training needs in solicitor firm For the Legal Services Commission

Survey of Legal Aid firms in 2008, undertaken to assess financial capabilities found that:
Survey received 527 responses,
“Firms with total legal aid fees of under

2009
Commerce & Industry Group

A fine line: further guidance to in-house lawyers in England and Wales on ensuring good corporate governance in your organisation

In relation to in-house positions, in-house lawyers do not have a monopoly on company secretarial positions (page 5)

2006
Audit Commission

Sheffield City Council – legal servicesBest value inspection service

Legal team had 215 employees (43 who charge for their services).

2001
Bar Standards Board

Review of Pupillage – Report of the Working Group

Page 42 – summary of tenancies at self-employed and employed bar (over time).

2010
International Financial Services London

Legal Services 2009

Proportion of solicitors in international firms in London – page 2

The strength of London as an international centre for legal services is reinforced by the expertise of barristers involved in international practice. Over 1,200 members of the Commercial Bar Association and many members of the Specialist Bar Associations practice in the field of international commercial law – page 2

Role of commercial barristers and main services offered – pages 8-9

2009
Bar Council

The Future of the Bar by Nicholas Green QC, June 2010

Approximately 20% of those called to the Bar each year are from other jurisdictions. These return to their home countries to practise. Page 75

2010
The Law Society

Categories of Work Undertaken by Solictors

Breakdown of categories of work undertaken by solicitors including gender

2006
The Law Society

Earnings and work of private practice solicitors in 2007

Reporting on a representative sample of practitioners by diversity, firm size (with 2-10 partners slightly over represented) grade and age. (Pages 8-10)

Table showing the %age of private practitioners who had worked with different client types:
Private individuals without legal aid – 82%, private sector firms or companies – 64%, Overseas clients – 42%, Legally-aided private individuals – 24%, Public sector bodies – 23%, and other clients (e.g. charities, trade unions) – 21%. page 10

Looking at Specialisation within private practice:
Three-quarters of private practitioners (78%) described their current position as a

2008
The Law Society

Categories of Work Undertaken by Solictors

Breakdown of categories of work undertaken by solicitors including gender

2010
Intellectual Property Regulation Board

Register of Trade Mark Attorneys

Directory of trademark attorneys lists all of them – including their address

2013
Legal Services Research Centre

Findings from the Legal Advice Sector Workforce Surveys

Estimate workforce (page 5) for publically funded advice – by region. More detailed demographics (page 7-9).

2007
Legal Services Board

Possible futures for international law firms

Graph breaks down solicitor headcounts by feature of entity they work for – public sector, private practice etc (page 2).

2010
International Financial Services London

Legal Services – City Business Series

%age of lawyers in largest law firms based in London – Page 4

2005
International Financial Services London

Legal Services 2009 Data

Proportion of solicitors in international firms in London – table 2

Number of cases and trials in the commercial court – table 10

2009
European Economics

Crown Prosecution Service: the choice between in-house and self-employed advocates – a critique of the CPS’ analysis

Report covers that the CPS employs more than 900 advocates who are competent to appear in crown courts or above (page 8).

2009
The Law Society

Key Facts on the solicitors profession

Breakdown of firms and solicitors by Government office region compared to population

2008
Legal Services Commission

Indicative Spend data relating to Social Welfare Law (SWL) and Family procurement areas

Indicative Spend data relating to Social Welfare Law (SWL) and Family procurement areas.
Indicative spend is the LSC

2009
The Law Society

Key Facts on the solicitors profession

Breakdown of firms and solicitors by Government office region compared to population

2009
Legal Services Commission

Indicative Spend Methodology relating to Social Welfare Law (SWL) and Family procurement areas

Indicative Spend data relating to Social Welfare Law (SWL) and Family procurement areas. Indicative spend was the LSC’s approach to allocating budget to certain areas.

2009
The Law Society

Legal Aid & the solicitors profession

Breakdown of firms doing legal aid by Government office region

2006
North-western Journal of International Law and Business

Lawyers, Law Firms and the Stabilization of Transnational Business

Law Society data from 2006 – 27% of E&W laws based in London.

2008
The Law Society

Legal Aid & the solicitors profession

Breakdown of firms doing legal aid by Government office region

2007
Europe Economics

Report for Bar Council – A critique of the evidence used by the LSC for its BVT proposals

LSC contracts for crime were given to 1799 providers, comprising 2,333 offices (page 2) in 2008. Contracts were due to expire in July 2010.

2009
Legal Advice Sector Partnership Steering Group

Advice forward: developing skills for the future

Breakdown of legally-aided funded entities by entity type and region (page 8).

2006
Solicitors Journal

New foundations: coordinated solutions towards a new model

Camden spends three times as much as the LSC considers to be a “fair amount” for legal services, whereas Surrey spends a quarter of what it should (page 69).

2010
Solicitors Journal

Reaching further

CLANS to focus on one-stop shops in permanent urban offices (page 36)

2010
Legal Services Research Centre

Putting Money Advice Where the Need is

79% of the general population live within 2 miles of a solicitor and 59% live within 2 miles of a CAB (page 99).

2007
Legal Services Commission

Self-Employed Family Counsel Travel Patterns

Detailed analysis of travel patterns of self employed barristers in delivering family legal aid advocacy.
The analysis identifies key travel routes of counsel, with London being the main hub, as expected. The other key routes highlighted are Birmingham to Herefordshire and Worcester, Greater Nottingham to Lincoln, Bristol to Gloucester, Chester to North Wales, Manchester to West Lancashire and Devon to Cornwall. In terms of travel time the median travel time for counsel was 1.77 hours per hearing. We found no distinction between the average travel time claimed in private or public law hearings, or between applications for injunctive relief/ enforcement procedures, interim applications or main hearings. page 4-5

2008
The Law Society

Key Facts on the solicitors profession

Breakdown of firms and solicitors by Government office region compared to population

2005
Intellectual Property Regulation Board

Register of Trade Mark Attorneys

Directory of trademark attorneys lists all of them – including their address

2013
The Law Society

Key Facts on the solicitors profession

Breakdown of firms and solicitors by Government office region compared to population

2006
Bar Council

Report of the Analysis of Demographic Data collected from the Practising Bar in November 2007Prepared for the Bar Council by Dr. Deborah Price and Dr. Anne Laybourne of the Kings Institute for the study of Public Policy 2010.

Report focuses on diversity findings of a survey that achieved a 35% response rate from the self-employed bar. Provides detailed tables of findings.
Gives breakdown of which circuits barristers practise in – page 40

2010
Legal Services Research Centre

Findings from the Legal Advice Sector Workforce Surveys

Estimate of geographic spread of publically funded legal advice (page 4), broken down by provider type. And by workforce (page 5).

2007
The Law Society

Key Facts on the solicitors profession

Breakdown of firms and solicitors by Government office region compared to population

2007
Lawyer Locator

The Future of Small Law Firms Jeopardy or Opportunity

Evidence of limited geographical boundaries with a Suffolk based firm taking on London clients – page 6

2010
The Law Society

The solicitors profession in the East Midlands

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
The Law Society

The solicitors profession in Outer London

Number of solicitors, including by highest borough, and small medium and large firms

2006
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the West Midlands Region

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
Skills for Justice

Professional and financial service cluster report

Spread of legal service provision by English region – page 12.

2010
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the Yorkshire & Humberside Region

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
University of Manchester - Institute for Law, Economy and Global Governance

Liberalization of Legal Services

Stats on law firms by size and region on page 16.

2006
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the Wales

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
Legal Services Research Centre

Routine Diversity Monitoring of the Supplier Base

Survey results for 43% of legal aid solicitors firms and NfP organisations.
Regional breakdown of diversity of solicitors and NfPs by diversity pages 34-40

2009
The Law Society

The solicitors profession in Large Cities

Number of solicitors, by 13 large cities, and small medium and large firms

2006
International Financial Services London

Legal Services 2011

Table breaks down lawyers by UK region – page 9. Legal services sector by UK regions (page 10).

2011
The Law Society

The solicitors profession in Inner London

Number of solicitors, including by highest borough, and small medium and large firms

2006
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the Greater London Region

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
Business and Economic History

Deregulation and Professional boundaries: Evidence from the English Legal Profession James H. Love and Frank H. Stephen

Paper suggest that licensed conveyances have tended to move into urban areas, thereby resulting in low levels of competition with solicitors in rural areas (page 802).

1997
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the North East Region

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
International Financial Services London

Legal Services – City Business Series

Range of international legal services offered in London – Page 6

2005
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the North West Region

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
Legal Services Research Centre

Legal advice sector workforce: Analysis of survey findings – Marisol Smith and Tania Tam

Report breaks down free legal advice providers by geographic region (page 6 and page 8).

2006
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the South East Region

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the South West Region

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
Legal Services Research Centre

Diverse forms of legal aid delivery in South Africa

South African report on legal aid provision. Geographical spread summarised (page 13).

2010
Bar Standards Board

Called to the Bar Statistics

2007 chambers data – London 195, provinces 139.

2010
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the North West Region

Number of all organisations employing solicitors and number of law firms

2006
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the South East Region

Number of all organisations employing solicitors and number of law firms

2006
London School of Economics

Constitutional continuity: Jack Straw speech at the London School of Economics

80% of all legal aid work was performed by firms with less than 4 partners (page 5).

2009
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the North East Region

Number of all organisations employing solicitors and number of law firms

2006
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the Greater London Region

Number of all organisations employing solicitors and number of law firms

2006
Legal Advice Sector Partnership Steering Group

Advice forward: developing skills for the future

Range of advice services offered, broken down by service entity type (page 11)

2006
Ministry of Justice

Twelve months later: does advice help? The impact of debt advice – advice agency clients study – Kim Williams and Anna Sansom

Report indicates a switch from law firms to not for profit sector for LSC-funded debt advice (page 5) provision.

2007
BMG Research / Skills for Justice

Skills in the justice sector: a survey of third sector employers 2009

Table shows which part of third legal sector survey respondents were a part of (page 15).

2009
Legal Services Policy Institute

The Legal Services Act 2007: Implications for the Bar ‘s Sources of Work – Professor Stephen Mayson

There are 85k solicitors in Private Practice, distributed among some 10k firms. Only 500 or so of those firms have more than 10 partners but they account for 54% of all solicitors in private practice. In addition these firms generate about 2 thirds of total fee income. – Page 2

2008
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the South West Region

Number of all organisations employing solicitors and number of law firms

2006
Bar Council

The Future of the Bar by Nicholas Green QC, June 2010

There are approximately 734 sets of Chambers with 347 being in London and 387 in the provinces. This however includes 391 sole practitioners of whom 143 are in London and 247 in the provinces.
Page 9

2010
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the West Midlands Region

Number of all organisations employing solicitors and number of law firms

2006
Department for Constitutional Affairs

Second survey of solicitors on their use of barristers Frontier Economics

Within sample group, number of different legal aid cases handled (page 17). More data on number of cases, and prevalence of use of barristers in those cases (page 18).

2005
The Law Society

More civil justice? The impact of the Woolf reforms on pre-action behaviour

Breakdown of PI firms by size, and percentage of income (page 25- 26).

2002
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the Yorkshire & Humberside Region

Number of all organisations employing solicitors and number of law firms

2006
The Law Society

Review of the regulation of corporate legal work

Data on types of advice firms advise on (page 73 onwards).

2009
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the Wales

Number of all organisations employing solicitors and number of law firms

2006
Department for Constitutional Affairs

Estimating the size and nature of the civil legal advice sector in England and Wales

Estimates of the number of providers

2006
A4e/Howells

Solutions to legal provisions emerging from outside of legal service

One CLAC provider in Hull and Leicester – 70,000 customers (page 4).

2010
Office of Fair Trading

Competition in professions

Market share of top 15 firms by turnover (2000) summarised (page 48/73). Solicitors have 95% of the coveyancing market (page 83/58). Chambers specialism summarised by practice area (page 70).

2001
Legal Services Research Centre

Findings from the Legal Advice Sector Workforce Surveys

Paid for legal advice -workforce by entity worked for (page 5).

2007
The Law Society

The solicitors profession in the East Midlands

Number of all organisations employing solicitors and number of law firms

2006
Ministry of Justice

Legal Services Bill – Full Regulatory Impact Assessment

Profile of firms taking legal aid work (page 52).

2007
Department for Constitutional Affairs

Legal Disciplinary Practices: A Discussion of the Clementi Proposals. Jordi Blanes I Vidal Ian Jewitt Clare Leaver

Suggest possible positive diversity effects from ABS – Pages 13-14
External ownership bringing greater diversity – Page 32

2005
The Law Society

Partnership

Summary – number of partners broken down by gender ethnicity and age

2005
The Law Society

Key Facts on the solicitors profession

Summary – number of solicitors with practising certificates, in private practice, broken down by gender and ethnicity.

2005
The Law Society

Key Facts on the solicitors profession

Summary – number of solicitors with practising certificates, in private practice, broken down by gender and ethnicity.

2006
The Law Society

Key Facts on the solicitors profession

Summary – number of solicitors with practising certificates, in private practice, broken down by gender and ethnicity.

2007
Legal Services Board

Barriers to the legal market – Rosaline Sullivan

Review of barriers to diversity in legal services

2010
Bar Standards Board

NUMBER OF QCs

Summary numbers of self employed bar by gender and ethnicity

2008
The Law Society

Minority Ethnic Group solictors

Summary – number of solicitors with practising certificates, trainees, broken down by ethnicity.

2006
Otterburn Legal Consulting

Financial and management training needs in solicitor firmFor the Legal Services Commission

Survey of Legal Aid firms in 2008, undertaken to assess financial capabilities found that:
Survey received 527 responses.

2009
The Law Society

Minority Ethnic Group solictors

Summary – number of solicitors with practising certificates, trainees, broken down by ethnicity.

2005
Legal Services Research Centre

Routine Diversity Monitoring of the Supplier Base

Survey results for 43% of legal aid solicitors firms and NfP organisations.
Ethnicity of Managerial control -solicitors page 7 – NfPs page 9
Gender pages 16-18,
Long term limiting illness or disability, pages 20-21
Age, pages 22-24
Categories of legal work compared pages 30-37

2009
Bar Council

Annual Statistics Self Employed Bar

Total numbers of QCs by gender Self Employed Bar 1986 to 2009

2009
Bar Standards Board

Barristers in the self-employed bar -statistics

Summary numbers of self employed bar by gender and rank

2008
BMG Research / Skills for Justice

Skills in the justice sector: a survey of third sector employers 2009

Two thirds of organisations surveyed had no more than 10 paid staff or volunteers (page 2). Size of organisation explained in greater depth (page 21).

2009
The Law Society

Private Practice Solicitors salaries

Summary of a survey. Earnings by gender and employment sector – Page 1

2008
The Law Society

Private Practice Solicitors salaries

Summary of a survey. Earnings by gender and employment sector – Page 4
Earnings by gender and private practice grade – Page 5

2005
The Law Society

Private Practice Solicitors salaries

Summary of a survey. Earnings by gender and employment sector – Page 4
Earnings by gender and private practice grade – Page 5

2007
The Law Society

Trends in the solicitors

Summary of diversity of profession
Page 6 & 7

Gender breakdown of solicitors on the roll with & without practising certificates – Page 13
Ethnicity breakdown of solicitors on the roll with & without practising certificates – Page 14
Increase in Praticising certificate holders since 1950 – Page 15
Breakdown of solicitors with practising certificates by gender and number of years qualified – Page 17
Gender breakdown by category of employment – page 18
Position of solicitors working in private practice by gender – Page 19
Ethnicity of solicitors in private practice by gender, region, and status – Pages 21-24

Trainees starting salaries by region & Gender – page 70
Diversity of Admissions to the solicitors roll – pages 71-83

2000
American Bar Association

Diversity in the legal profession – the next steps

Summary report on diversity within American Legal Profession, and what key issues are

2010
The Law Society

Key Facts on the solicitors profession

Summary – number of solicitors with practising certificates, in private practice, broken down by gender and ethnicity.

2008
The Law Society

Age & Solictors Profession

Summary statistics showing Age of solicitors by gender and ethnicity 1995-2005

2005
The Law Society

Key Facts on the solicitors profession

Summary – number of solicitors with practising certificates, in private practice, broken down by gender and ethnicity.

2009
Cardiff University

Damage based contingency fees in employment cases

Survey indicates that claims consultants (in employment survey) tend to work for smaller practices (page 22) – although this may just be survey sampling.

2008
Legal Services Policy Institute

Towards a new regulatory structure for corporate and commercial legal services

Sole practitioners to

2009
The Law Society

Flexible working and Solicitors work life balance

Solicitors working flexibly by partnership size and gender

2005
Solicitors Regulation Authority

Commissioned research into issues of disproportionality

Solicitors working in small firms are more likely to have a case raised against them and are more likely to be BME

2010
London School of Economics

Diversity staff and the dynamics of diversity policymaking in large law firms Joanne P. Braithwaite

Reports on the findings of 17 interviews diversity staff and lawyers from 13 large law firms, diversity staff in clients of those law firms and a Minister from the DCA (now MoJ) in 2007.
History of diversity initiatives in larger law firms and the effectiveness of different approaches – pages 4 – 11
Research suggests law firms are behind other industries in their approach to diversity – page 14
Activities include hiring diversity officers, and promoting themselves to a broader range of potential job applicants.
For larger law firms: “”In relation to the workforce within firms, the principal problem which diversity initiatives were concerned with was the retention of women lawyers. The most common diversity policies in place as regards the firms’ workforce were therefore aimed at addressing the ‘leaking pipeline’ of women.”" Page 18 Steps have included female lawyer networks, mentoring, flexible working etc.
Reports that diversity initiatives are often considered in terms of their financial business case, and “”market orientated empiricism”", as well as association with external awards for diversity – pages 21-22.

2010
The Law Society

Career experiences of gay and lesbian solicitors

Reports on findings of a survey looking at experiences of gay and lesbian solicitors.

2006
Bar Standards Board

Survey on Bar Standards Board Regulation of New Business Structures July 2010

Reports on different attitudes to ABS based on diversity:
46 per cent of non-white barristers find access to new methods of distributing profits as important compared with 29 per cent of their white colleagues;
Improved stability and financial security is a more important issue with female barristers (81 per cent) than their male counterparts (72 per cent);
Barristers with children put a higher emphasis on the ability to work in partnership with non barristers (40 per cent), the ability to provide a more efficient and cheaper service (71 per cent) and the facilitation of joint tendering for work (43 per cent) than their colleagues without children (32, 64 and 38 per cent respectively).
Barristers with a disability have several differences from those without when looking at business practices, such as an increased emphasis on the ability to work with non barristers (54 per cent compared with 36 per cent of those
without a disability) and the ability to raise capital and investment (44 per cent compared with 34 per cent). Again, however, these findings should be treated
with caution due to small base sizes.
Page 18

Interest varies within groups of barrister. Non-white barristers are significantly more likely (45 per cent) to join one of these structures in the next five years than their white counterparts (35 per cent). In addition to this, almost two fifths of men (39 per cent) are very or fairly likely to join the new structures compared with just over a quarter of women (28 per cent). – Page 20 See also Table 1

Demographic differences among barristers in terms of attitudes towards ABS – pages 69-70

2010
The Law Society

Ethnicity and earnings in private practice

Reports on 18% pay gap between White & BME solicitors – page 3 & pages 7-8
Practice differences between BME & White solicitors – pages 8 -9
Reasons for the differences page 9 – 12
Changes since 2007 page 12
No evidence of direct discrimination – page 14

2009
Legal Services Research Centre

Transforming legal aid: Access to criminal defence services Dr Vicky Kemp

Reporting on history of BME providers:
McConville et al. (1994) documented the early involvement of BME solicitors, particularly in the inner-city areas. At that time, the legal world was dominated by White middle-class lawyers, but inner-city firms were beginning to employ Black and Asian solicitors and clerks in order to extend their client base. When offices were set up in predominantly Black or Asian communities, it was found that legal staff who could speak languages such as Urdu and Gujerati were engaging with a previously untapped source of work. It was by establishing links in those communities that BME solicitors were able to set up as partners in their own practices. – Page 100

States that
Because BME-managed firms tend to set up small niche practices, the BME solicitors in the present study expressed concern at their financial vulnerability during a time of change. Page 109

2010
The Law Society

Earnings and work of private practice solicitors in 2007

Reporting on a representative sample of practitioners by diversity, firm size (with 2-10 partners slightly over represented) grade and age. (Pages 8-10).

Women were more likely to call themselves specialists than men – 82% of women compared to 76% of men – but no ethnic differences were found.

Women were much more likely than men to have undertaken work in fewer areas. Whereas nearly three-quarters of women (72%) had undertaken work in one or two areas, only 59% of men had done the same; nearly one-fifth of men (19%) had undertaken work in five or more areas compared to only 8% of women. On average, men had undertaken 2.76 areas of work and women 2.04.
Pages 11-12

A greater proportion of female solicitors worked with legally aided clients than male practitioners (29% of women compared with 21% of men); and BME solicitors were more likely than white solicitors to do legal aid work (34% of BME solicitors compared to 23% of white solicitors). The proportion of time spent on legally aided clients by legal aid practitioners varied according to gender and ethnicity: whereas 65% of female legal aid solicitors spent more than 50% of their fee earning time on legal aid, this compared with 49% of male legal aid solicitors; and over three-quarters of BME legal aid practitioners (77%) spent more than 50% of their time doing legal aid compared with just over half of white legal aid solicitors (54%).
Page 16

Analysis found that:
The median yearly salary for male solicitors was £60,000 compared to £41,000 for females – a median pay gap of 32%.
After controlling for grade, PQE, region, size of firm worked in, breaks taken, hours worked and area of law (family and conveyancing) female solicitors earned, on average, 7.6% less than male solicitors.

By ethnicity, the median was £50,000 for white solicitors and £40,000 for BME groups – a pay gap of 20%. Taking account of gender, grade, firm size, region, PQE and hours worked solicitors earned, on average, 17% less than white solicitors.
Pages 21-23
Breakdown of ethnicity by partnership size – Page 23

2008
Europe Economics

Report for Bar Council – A critique of the evidence used by the LSC for its BVT proposals

Report indicates large variations in profitability of criminal legal work (in 2006) page 23.

2009
Bar Council

Report of the Analysis of Demographic Data collected from the Practising Bar in November 2007 Prepared for the Bar Council by Dr. Deborah Price and Dr. Anne Laybourne of the Kings Institute for the study of Public Policy 2010.

Report focuses on diversity findings of a survey that achieved a 35% response rate from the self‐employed bar. Provides detailed tables of findings. These show that female barristers in comparison to male barristers are disproportionately junior and that area of specialisation is strongly related to both gender and ethnicity. – Page 6
Of the 15,160 practising barristers in 2007, 5,260 completed the survey.
Overall gender and ethnicity breakdown of the survey respondents found to be representative of all self employed barristers – page 8
Sexual orientation, Gender reassignment, and Disability breakdown of respondents by years of call- pages 9 & 10
Age breakdown of respondents – page 12

Provided detailed analysis is of diversity, full or part time employment and grade of barrister – “”White men are substantially over‐represented in Silk, with 18% of White men at the self‐employed bar in Silk compared with 9% of BME men, 4% of White women and just 2% of BME women. Further, BME men especially (10%), but also BME women (5%), are much more likely to be sole practitioners than White men (3%) and women (2%). Women are 2 – 3 times more likely than men to have probationary, squatter or pupil status than men”" – Page 16 – 18
Detailed analysis of diversity and proportion of work that is publically funded. Page 19
Survey found significant differences in billing and different gender and ethnicity groups:
“”marked differentials in income by gender and ethnicity, with 21% of white men billing less than £80,000 , whereas 39% of BME men do so, 44% of white women, and more than half, 54%, of BME women. Women are also more likely to be billing between £80,000 and £125,000 than men. Over 80% of BME women bill less than £125,000
compared with 43% of white men”". Page 20
Explores link between billing levels, types of practice, and diversity – pages 21-24 – finding statistically significant differences:
In crime for those over 10 years call – “”More than 85% of white and BME women over 10 years call bill less than £125,000 compared with 55% of white men and 44% of BME men.”" – page 25
In Civil differences are significant for both call groups -
Among those 0 – 10 years call, 30% of white men bill more than £125,000 compares with between 12% and 20% for other groups. These differences are accentuated for those over 10 years call, where 81 per cent of white men bill more than £125,000, compared with 62% of BME men, 67% of white women, and 38% of BME women – Page 25
For family work, the research found no significant differences by gender or ethnicity under 10 years call, but did for over 10 years call – “”Forty‐six per cent of white men and 44% of BME men over ten years call bill more than £125,000 compared with 28% of white women and 18% of BME women”" Page 26
This is similar for those in mixed practice – page 26
Analysis of gross billing and disability – pages 27-28
Analysis of gender and ethnic differences in schooling, academic background, working time, and caring responsibilities – pages 30 -32

2010
The Law Society

Solictors working in the employed sector

Number of solicitors by years of PQE, age and ethnicity

2006
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the Wales

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the Yorkshire & Humberside Region

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the West Midlands Region

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the South West Region

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the South East Region

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the North West Region

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the north East Region

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
The Law Society

The solicitors profession the Greater London Region

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
The Law Society

The solicitors profession in the East Midlands

Number of solicitors by region, PQE, ethnicity and age, and size of firm

2006
Harvard Law School

Overview of the Professional Services Industry and the Legal Profession

Looking at law firms in the US, legal profession is significantly less diverse than other professions in the US – Page 5

2008
Bar Council

The Future of the Bar by Nicholas Green QC, June 2010

In terms of gender in the self-employed Bar there were 8,381 men and 3,800 women at the end of 2009. Interestingly, in terms of relative percentages women were better represented in the Provinces (1,465/2,996 i.e. circa 50%) than in London (2,387/5,371 i.e. circa 44%). A statistic that is also indicative of the changing gender balance of the Bar is that in 2009, 921 women and 851 men were called to the Bar i.e. 53% of those called were female. Page 9

23% of pupillages are being taken up by people from Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) backgrounds, which is a higher proportion of inclusion than in the general population. In 1995 the percentage of BME practitioners at the self-employed Bar was 6.4% (376 barristers). By 2005 this had risen to 15% (1,382 barristers). In 2008, 39% of all calls to the Bar were BME. 27% of all BME applicants applying for silk in 2009 were successful and in 2010, out of 35 BME applicants, 17 were successful or 48.6%. Page 10

2010
Solicitors Regulation Authority

Full impact assessment – Higher rights of audience qualification

In June 2009 there were 4995 solicitors with the rights of audience qualification. This represents only four per cent of the total number of practising solicitors. Details of the current holders, broken down by gender, age and race are provided – Page 4

2009
The Law Society

Trends in the solicitors’ profession Annual statistical report 2009

In 2008–09, excluding those for whom the ethnicity is unknown, solicitors from minority ethnic groups accounted for 11.4% of all solicitors on the Roll, 10.6% of all solicitors with practising certificates, and 9.8% of all solicitors in private practice.

  • •Women now account for 45.2% of solicitors with practising certificates. Whereas since 1999 the total number of solicitors holding practising certificates has grown by 45.2%, the number of women holding practising certificates has nearly doubled, having increased by 86.9%.
  • 76.7% of men holding practising certificates work within private practice, compared to only 70.2% of women.
  • In 2009 the average age of a male practising certificate holder was 44.2 years compared to only 37.9 years for female practising certificate holders.
  • In 2009, the average age of a female solicitor in private practice was 37.2 years compared with 44.4 years for men. The average age of a sole practitioner was 50.9 years compared with 47.1 years for partners and 41.3 years for all solicitors in private practice.
  • Over one-third of practising certificate holders in 2009 (37.1%) were employed by organisations based in London. These organisations were responsible for the employment of just under half (49.3%) of minority ethnic group practising certificate holders.

Page 5

Gender breakdown of solicitors on the roll with & without practising certificates – Page 9
Ethnicity breakdown of solicitors on the roll with & without practising certificates – Page 10
Increase in Practising certificate holders since 1979 -
Since 1999, the total number of solicitors with practising certificates has grown by 45.2%. However, over this period the number of women solicitors with practising certificates has increased by 86.9% whilst the number of men increased by only 22.7%. The proportion of female solicitors holding practising certificates was 45.2% at 31 July 2009, compared with 35.1% in 1999. For the past ten years, women have accounted for over one-half of new entrants to the profession, so this proportion is set to increase for the foreseeable future. Page 12
Age breakdown of solicitors with practising certificates and number of years qualified – Page 13
Position of solicitors working in private practice by gender – Page 15
Ethnicity of solicitors in private practice by gender, region, status, size of firm – Pages 17-20

Trainees starting salaries by region & Gender – page 42
Diversity of Admissions to the solicitors roll – pages 43-51

2009
The Law Society

Trends in the solicitors’ profession Annual statistical report 2004

In 2003–04, solicitors drawn from minority ethnic groups accounted for 9.2% of solicitors on the Roll, 8.3% of solicitors with practising certificates, and 7.9% of solicitors in private practice.

  • Women now account for 40.5% of solicitors with practising certificates. Whereas since 1994 the total number of solicitors holding practising certificates has grown by 52.1%, the number of women holding practising certificates more than doubled, having increased by 112.8%.
  • 80.8% of men holding practising certificates work within private practice, compared to 72.9% of women.
  • Of those solicitors with 10–19 years’ experience in private practice, 73.0% of men were partners or sole practitioners compared with only 48.8% of women.
  • In 2004, the average age of a female solicitor in private practice was 36.5 years compared with 43.4 years for men. The average age of a sole practitioner was 50.4 years compared with 45.8 years for partners and 40.8 years for all solicitors in private practice.
  • Just over one-third of practising certificate holders in 2004 (35.3%) were employed by organisations based in London. These organisations were responsible for the employment of 50.4% of ethnic minority practising certificate holders.

Page 6 & 7

Gender breakdown of solicitors on the roll with & without practising certificates – Page 11
Ethnicity breakdown of solicitors on the roll with & without practising certificates – Page 12
Increase in Praticising certificate holders since 1950 – Page 13
Breakdown of solicitors with practising certificates by gender and number of years qualified – Page 15
Gender breakdown by category of employment – page 16
Position of solicitors working in private practice by gender – Page 17
Ethnicity of solicitors in private practice by gender, region, and status – Pages 19-22

Trainees starting salaries by region & Gender – page 46
Diversity of Admissions to the solicitors roll – pages 47-55

2004
The Law Society

Trends in the solicitors’ profession Annual statistical report 2003

In 2002–03, solicitors drawn from the ethnic minorities accounted for 8.8% of solicitors on the Roll, 7.9% of solicitors with practising certificates, and 7.5% of solicitors in private practice.

  • Women now account for 39.7% of solicitors with practising certificates. Whereas since 1993 the total number of solicitors holding practising certificates has grown by 51.2%, the number of women holding practising certificates more than doubled, having increased by 117.5%.
  • 81.5% of men holding practising certificates work within private practice, compared to 73.2% of women.
  • Of those solicitors with 10–19 years’ experience in private practice, 78.7% of men were partners or sole practitioners compared with only 52.1% of women.
  • In 2003, the average age of a female solicitor in private practice was 36.3 years compared with 43.2 years for men. The average age of a sole practitioner was 50.3 years compared with 45.4 years for partners and 40.6 years for all solicitors in private practice.
  • Just over one-third of practising certificate holders in 2003 (37.4%) were employed by organisations based in London. These organisations were responsible for the employment of 54.3% of ethnic minority practising certificate holders.

Page 6 & 7

Gender breakdown of solicitors on the roll with & without practising certificates – Page 11
Ethnicity breakdown of solicitors on the roll with & without practising certificates – Page 12
Increase in Praticising certificate holders since 1950 – Page 13
Breakdown of solicitors with practising certificates by gender and number of years qualified – Page 15
Gender breakdown by category of employment – page 16
Position of solicitors working in private practice by gender – Page 17
Ethnicity of solicitors in private practice by gender, region, and status – Pages 19-22

Trainees starting salaries by region & Gender – page 46
Diversity of Admissions to the solicitors roll – pages 47-55

2003
Louise Ashley

Making a Difference? The Use (and Abuse) of Diversity Management at the UK’s Elite Law Firms

How diversity is managed in law firms

2009
Bar Council

Gender and Ethnicity Percentages on Barristers in Practice from 2004-8

Gender and Ethnicity Percentages on Barristers in Practice from 2004-8

2008
The Law Society

Gender and earnings in private practice

Earnings by diversity

2009
Solicitors Regulation Authority

SRA Equality & Diversity annual monitoring report of regulatory activity

Diversity of Solicitors profession (in terms of lawyers, not firms) is summarised repeatedly throughout report.

2008
Bar Council

Called to the Bar by Ethnicity and Gender

Called to the Bar by Ethnicity and Gender

2010
Bar Council

BVC & Pupilage Diversity statistics – 2001-2008

BVC & Pupilage Diversity statistics – 2001-2008

2009
The Law Society

Women Solicitors

Breakdown of women solicitors, including comparison of work types by gender

2009
The Law Society

Women Solicitors

Breakdown of women solicitors, including comparison of work types by gender

2005