Difficult to define legal services, and other occupations are increasingly providing services former provided only by lawyers. – pages 2153/2154
Summarises entry restrictions (page 2). More entry restrictions summaries (page 12 onwards).
Entry barriers for individuals: some law firms have developed strong links with independent schools, 56% of those who attend a comprehensive school attend a new university (compared to 33% of those who have been to an independent school), students with connections in the profession are twice as likely to get work experience, financial barrier of LPC, firms target old universities to advertise training contracts
Summarises structure of the LPC (page 7).
Entry barriers in E&W compared to other EU states (page36)
Summary of professional qualifications to be a solicitor or barrister (page 18 onwards).
Evidence from Bar suggests that the need for expert knowledge means its difficult for barristers to practice in more than one area of law once their career has begun in earnest (page 20). Data showing number of different specialism practiced by barristers is on page 21. Another study suggests that trend towards specialisation is also driven by move towards specialist chambers (page 22). However, within each area of law (i.e. family) there is little evidence of sub-specialisation (23).
The Law Society tries to determine what is legal knowledge for the purpose of entry into the professions, but its freedom to do so is constrained by other stakeholders (page 3).
For legal aid barriers to entry for solicitors are achieving the Specialist Quality Mark, and securing a contract.
Limited barriers for elawyering although:
The first step in creating an eLawyering practice, is to build a
Old report summarising solicitors entry restrictions (page 13 onwards). and barristers entry restrictions (page 14 onwards). Direct entry (education) restrictions summarised (page 16/47) Indirect entry restrictions (page 18/44). More on direct entry restrictions (page 52/77 onwards) – educational requirements etc. Barristers entry requirements again (page 71/96 onwards)
Points out that law students must choose their career path at LPC BPTC stage – wants fusing of education, and specialisation later (page 7).
Report examines barriers to entry into legal profession itself (among other percentages). Gives percentage ratios of solicitors, “top” barristers and judges who were independently schooled (page 18). And lawyers tended to grow up in families of above average income (page 20). More stats on family background of sols and barristers (page 24). Internships are overwhelming London based, hindering entry to profession from those outside London (page 102 – 103).
Detailed breakdown of entry barriers in relation to training of advisors (page 9) – both regulated and unregulated. Further tabular information on pages 13 -14.
Reports that limiting number of will writers would act as a barrier to entry and increase costs for consumers – similar to most markets. Pages 40-41
A review of the effect of abolishment of solicitors
Difference in entry barriers between for-profit and not for profit mentioned (page 1). Barriers to entry explored further – for both for profit and not for profit sectors (page 34- 35). Regulating entry in specific areas of practice (page 37). Contractual regulation (i.e. service standards) – page 39. NFP entry discussed (page 119 onwards), following by their training regimes.
Sets out reasons why legal services market attractive to new entrants:
- large fragmented market of series of markets with identifiable over capacity and inefficiency: it is ripe for consolidation and economic restructuring by those with more reach and deeper pockets.
- the reserved, unregulated consumer services will probably be most attractive (hordes of qualified expensive egotistic lawyers are not required, though the