Report refers to Jackson report, which in turn said that referral fees for PI work added to litigation costs without adding value (page 8).
Report suggests that recession has caused a drop in fee income and charge out rates among big firms (page 7).
Breakdown of Court Fees increases from 1998-2004
Suggested that when licensed conveyancers first entered the market, they charged 20-30% less. But then, over time, price increased among solicitors (page 798). And then price differential between solicitors and conveyancers decreased too (page 799).
Commenting on the impact of increased referral fees, report states:
There was no evidence that increases in referral fees had led to an increase in the price of legal services. Price does not play a strong role in personal injury cases because of the prevalence of
Time series of hourly charge out rates broken down by solicitor segments.
Discusses whether legal costs had increased post-Woolf in PI cases (page XXXvii) – yes, . In insurance cases, claimant rates went up, defendant rates fell (page 62).
Various reports suggest that advertising leads to lower fees (page 5)
Highlights increasing resistance from clients to pay by the hour, wanting fixed fees. – page 10
Yes – move towards tending and fixed price for police advice (page 37 – 38).
Impacts of regulation changes on costs -
In Australia, the removal of lawyers
Looking at law firms in the US, reports on upward trend in the cost of securing legal services – page 5
“Over the last decade, corporate firms have increased their hourly rates by 6-8 percent annually, nearly double the rate of inflation. Such rate increases have been a driving force behind the increased profitability of many large and mid-sized law firms. In one sample, rate increases accounted for two thirds of revenue gains achieved between 2003 and 2004. Page 6
Overall payments to counsel in some cases seems to have increased over time (page 7). Table shown on page 8. Payment costs where counsel was not used on page 9. Conclusions on page 16.
Report lawyers who advertise tend to charge less than those that do not (page 4). Some nuances to this point on same page.
Report discusses discount costs of court fees – eligibility rates (page 29).
Analysis of the causes of the trend in criminal legal work
Typical rates for legal expense insurance summarised (page 15). How much standalone LEI policies would cost (page 52)
The overall public expenditure costs of handling complaints and appeals can be assessed very roughly as
the cost per new case and our research summarised in Figures 11 and 15 suggests the following data:
- complaints cost an average of
Breakdown of types of court fees across Europe – pages 52-57, stating that
high level of court fees for Austria, Germany, Poland, Turkey and UK-England and Wales can be explained because the courts are responsible for the land registers. Acquiring information from these registers or for recording modifications fees must be paid. Page 55
Brief history of Guideline Hourly rates used as a starting point for assessment of solicitors costs and how they have been set
Charges (and overheads) of partners and other fee earners at very large firms compared (page 12).
Cost of advice – pages 122- 127
Breakdown of Average High Street price, versus fixed price via My Lawyer. High street solicitor prices based on an average hourly rate of
Breakdown of the costs of criminal legal work
Analysis of the cost of wills
Costs of legal aid matters in Australia by type of matter (page 30). More costings page 33-34.
Australian study of criminal legal aid – real term fees paid to barristers declined substantially between 1993 – 2007 (page 2). More data on page 9 onwards. Costs compared with other parts of the criminal justice system – i.e. magistrates (page 24).
Defendants costs orders guideline costs broken down by grade, function, and court:
Magistrates Court – Litigators advocacy, national and London hourly rates and Counsels fees – daily rates – Pages 2- 3
Crown Court – page 5
Very High Cost Cases – Pages 6-13
High court – Pages 13-14
Court of Appeal – Pages 16 – 18
Average cost of LEI claim in Germany 540Euros (page 8).
Median effective hourly gross rates of pay for barristers are about
Hourly costs to CPS of in-house advocates vs. cost of counsel:
the hourly cost of a crown advocate is
In 2007/2008, the cost of running the civil and family courts in England and Wales was
IN A US Study on class action settlements, between 13 and 20% of settlements went to the lawyers. That compared to lawyers fees of around 33% of awards when claims were individually litigated. Breakdowns of costs on page 23-24 and 29 – 30.
In Germany, standalone before the event legal expense insurance typically cost
In PI claims, for every
In the Netherlands, the average money paid to legal aid lawyers is around 1000 Euros per case – page 6. Typical cost of civil law case in the Netherland is also 1000 Euros (page 7).
Report summarises expenditure costs of external counsel (page 12), and compares them with the cost of CPS in-house advocates. Press release on page 19 gives additional costs breakdown per area.
Cost of legal advice over the phone –
Legal aid magistrates work summarised (pages 29 – 31)
2.1 – what should and should not be included in quoted prices
Cost of providing free advice after death of person was variously put at between
List of guideline hourly rates 2007-2010 split by Bands of Location, type of court, grades of fee earner, and length of hearing for counsel.
Looks at the cost of delivering advice to debt outreach clients
The average cost per client seen was
Reports that court fees range form
Members of the Children’s Panel can get an uplift for legal aid work of up to 15% (page 30).
Review looking at costs of civil justice states:
Litigation is labour intensive and will always be costly – page 40
Discssion on cost and funding relationship to access to justice, and factors that drive costs in litigation- pages 40-51
Recognises key role of judges in litigation costs – judges must acquire a thorough understanding of the costs consequences of the case management directions which they give – page 45
Impacts of fee regimies on efficency – Page 47
Sets out proposal for an independant costs council, to set and review guidline hourly rates, review fixed costs and upper limites – pages 61- 64
NZ costs by comparison (page 14) and Canada (page 15),
Shows Median private price,
One of the biggest selling points that new organisations have over traditional high street firms is their willingness to offer fixed fees and approach law as a transparent business. The legacy of the billable hour may continue to dog traditional solicitors for some time, but those already taking a business approach and agreeing fees up front are reaping the benefits – Page 6
Study of legal aid work from 2003/2004: (page 24) for BME firms the average cost of a police station case was
Perceived high cost is seen as main barrier to accessing legal services – slide 36
Survey found that income of mid career barristers in Australia doing criminal legal aid work was 60% less than average salary of other legal professionals.
The most common reason given for acting in person by respondents in Paths to Justice was that they did not think they had to be represented, the second most common reason: an inability to afford representation. Intriguingly also, some respondents had been advised to represent themselves. (Genn, 1999)
However research interviews showed that:
there was a strong consensus that few individuals were unrepresented by choice. The main reason suggested for acting in person in both family and civil cases was the cost of legal representation, coupled with ineligibility for legal aid
What the results suggest is that:
Report on Personal Injury Market -
Rates charged by personal injury (PI) claimants
Report suggests that legal exec typically charge
Reports on a variety of surveys conducted in the 1990′s looking at privately paid civil work.
Tables showing hourly charge out rate for solicitors by grade and by size of firm (page 2) and barristers (page 3).
For Civil work the research found that:
a barrister of less than 10 years call, both in London and outside, is significantly less expensive than either an assistant solicitor or a partner. A more experienced barrister of over 10 years call does cost less than a partner, but the difference is less pronounced. This is to be expected as senior barrister and partner may both offer a high degree of experience and specialised knowledge. Page 5
Reports on typical cost of moving home with sellers solicitors fees
Proportion of solicitors in each firm size band pro bono working for client type – Page 26
Type of pro bono activities undertaken by size of firm – Page 27
Public perceptions of barristers as expensive: 85% of barristers believe the public thinks that they are well paid, and 80% of barristers think the public see them as expensive to use.
Time series of hourly charge out rates broken down by solicitor segments.
Total spending of legal aid much higher in E&W than in the Netherlands, France etc (page 22). Average spending per legal aid case compared across Europe (page 29).
US research found that:
In 1990, total expenditures by households on legal services were $62.2 billion in 2000 dollars. At that time, the average hourly rate for lawyers in small firms (less than 20 lawyers, where we find most of the lawyers providing services to individuals) was roughly (very roughly!) $157 in 2000 dollars.
Conducting the same calculation for 2005 (total expenditures of $67.4 billion in 2000 dollars, an average hourly rate of $182 for small-firm lawyers71) yields an average of 1.3 hours per person or 3.34 hours per household, a decline of 20%.